Have you been studying grammar rules a long time and still fail to improve your sentence structure, variety, and writing style? On the TOEFL writing section, knowing the parts of speech and select grammar rules to create structured, clear sentences helps advance your writing style. The parts of speech are the following: noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, and conjunction. If you master how sentences are formed and vary vocabulary in your sentences, you’ll be on your way to smoother essay writing. Here are a few of the most basic and crucial grammar rules are related to sentence structure:
- Subject/verb agreement is either singular or plural.
- A sentence, also called an independent clause, needs a subject and verb in a complete (logical) idea.
- A clause, either dependent or independent (like a sentence,) has a subject and verb.
- A stand-alone independent clause that completes a thought is a sentence.
- A clause which does not have a complete idea (such as when I study…) is dependent because it relies on the other independent part of the sentence to be complete: When I study, I sit for an hour.
- A phrase is a group of words that does not have a subject and verb. Common phrases in English are prepositional phrases or noun phrases.
Stay tuned for more English grammar points to improve your sentence structure and writing.