You may feel frustrated if you struggle on how to paraphrase accurately on the TOEFL® iBT exam on the integrated writing and speaking sections. Luckily, if you follow a couple of simple techniques, you can polish your skills in no time.
What is a paraphrase?
A paraphrase is when one explains information from a specific source in one’s own words. It highlights the principal ideas, and it may be more specific than a summary.
Why is paraphrasing important on the TOEFL® iBT?
With the capability to paraphrase, you will have an advantage on the integrated writing and speaking sections of the exam. Once you understand the key ideas, paraphrasing will help you recall those points from the texts and lectures. Furthermore, it is a valuable skill, which will maximize your success in your academic studies.
How do I create an accurate paraphrase in my own words?
To paraphrase, you first need to understand the original meaning and have effective notes, so review note-taking techniques.
- Take notes while reading or listening. Do not write sentences. Simply write the main idea in abbreviated form.
- Look over your notes. Consider how you could explain the key points in your notes to an individual who hasn’t read or listened to the information that you did.
- Write (or speak) your main ideas substituting synonyms, different sentence structures, alternate word forms, or other word order. For instance, rather than write an original verb, change that verb to a similar noun form in an altered structure or new order, but keep the same idea. Then, make similar relationships between key points and details from your notes.
How do I acquire and master paraphrasing skills?
- Read passages and listen to lectures.
- Take notes, but avoid copying words or phrases from the source (this will save you time in the writing period); use synonyms when you note take. Do not change the meaning in your notes, do not forget to take notes on key ideas, and do not add your own ideas to the source information.
- Refer to your notes to present the key idea. Simplify the structure and words.
- When you are paraphrasing a practice reading passage, go back to the passage to review if you paraphrased the principal ideas accurately. In study practice, you can listen to a lecture again to see if you paraphrased your notes well, however, on the exam day, since you only listen to the lecture once, you will be unable to refer to the lecture source.
When I’m under pressure taking the exam, how do I PARAphrase quickly?
- Put the text/lecture into your own words
- Avoid copying the text/lecture
- Reflect the same ideas by rearranging similar text
- All key points are included
There are times when people copy ideas from internet because they have no idea how to paraphrase.
At times, since individuals do not understand how to rephrase, they repeat things word for word from the web.
Alternate Paraphrase B:
Individuals duplicate word for word from the web at times since they do not understand how to create a paraphrase.
The Owl Purdue Online Writing Lab has paraphrasing practice.
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